Year 2019, Volume 36 , Issue 1, Pages 24 - 32 2019-05-31

Su kabağı [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol) Standl] anaçlarının karpuz [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] yapraklarının bitki besin elementi içerikleri ve azot kullanım etkinliği üzerine etkileri
Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency

Halit YETİŞİR [1] , Nebahat SARI [2]


Bu çalışmada, su kabağı anaçlarının karpuzun bitki besin elementi alımına ve azot kullanım etkinliğine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Kalem olarak kullanılan Crimson Tide karpuz [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] çeşidi birisi köy çeşidi (Birecik) ve dördü su kabağı (Lagenaria siceraria) melezi (Skopje, Emphasis, 216 and FRGold) olan anaçlar üzerine aşılanmıştır. Aşısız Crimson Tide karpuz çeşidi kontrol olarak kullanılmıştır. Bitkiler dış koşullar uygun oluncaya kadar alçak plastik tünel altında yetiştirilmiştir. Bitkiler 18 kg N da-1, 20 kg P2O5 da-1 ve 18 kg K2O da-1 olacak şekilde gübrelenmiş, mikro element gübrelemesi yapılmamıştır. Fosforun tamamı taban gübresi olarak verilirken, N ve K üç eşit parçaya bölünmüştür. N ve K’ un ilk kısmı taban gübresi olarak verilmiş, ikinci kısmı dikimden 20 sonra, üçüncü kısım ise dikimden 40 gün sonra verilmiştir. Deneme tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre dört yinelemeli ve her yinelemede 15 bitki olacak şekilde kurulmuştur. Bitkiler 200 x 50 cm mesafelerle dikilmiş ve damla sulama yöntemiyle sulanmıştır. Bitki besin elementi analizleri sürgün ucundan sonra tam gelişmiş yedi ve sekizinci yapraklarda yapılmıştır. Aşılı ve aşısız bitkilerin yapraklarındaki N, P, K ve Ca açısından bir fark bulunmazken, Mg içerikleri önemli farklılıklar göstermiştir. Bütün aşılı bitkiler aşısız bitkilerden daha fazla Fe içeriğine sahip olurken, Cu ve Zn konsantrasyonları anaca bağlı olarak farklılık göstermiştir. Aşılı bitkiler daha yüksek azot kullanım etkinliği ve verim değerlerine sahip olmuşlardır. Bu çalışmada kullanılan anaçların bitki besin elementi alımını teşvik ettiği, bitkisel gelişimi ve verimi artırdığı tespit edilmiştir.

In this study, rootstock effects of bottle gourds on nutrient uptake and nitrogen use efficiency of watermelon were investigated. Watermelon seedlings were grafted onto Birecik, Skopje, Emphasis, 216 and FRGold. Non-grafted plants were used as control. The seedlings were transplanted and kept under plastic tunnel until climatic conditions were suitable for watermelon cultivation. Experimental area was amended with doses of 18 kg N da-1, 20 kg P2O5 da-1 and 18 kg K2O da-1based on soil analysis. No micro-nutrient fertilizer was applied. While total P and 1/3 of N and K were applied as base fertilizer before transplanting, the second and third portions of the N and K were applied 20 and 40 days after transplanting, respectively. The experiment planned as a completely randomized block design and repeated four times, each replication has 15 plants. The seedlings were transplanted with 200 x 50 cm spacing. Macro and micro-nutrient contents were analyzed in fully grown seventh and eighth leaves from soot tips. While N, P, K and Ca contents of the leaves did not show significant differences between graft combinations and control plants, Mg concentration was significantly affected by rootstocks. All graft combinations had higher Fe concentration in the leaf than non-grafted plants. Cu and Zn concentrations showed significant variation based on rootstock. Higher nitrogen use efficiency (ton yield kg N-1) was recorded in all graft combinations as compared to controls. Bottle gourd rootstocks used in this study enhanced the nutrient uptake, plant growth and total fruit yield.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6955-9513
Author: Halit YETİŞİR (Primary Author)
Institution: ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SEYRANİ ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7112-4279
Author: Nebahat SARI
Institution: ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : May 31, 2019

Bibtex @research article { derim443162, journal = {Derim}, issn = {1300-3496}, eissn = {2149-2182}, address = {}, publisher = {Batı Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute}, year = {2019}, volume = {36}, pages = {24 - 32}, doi = {10.16882/derim.2019.443162}, title = {Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. \& Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency}, key = {cite}, author = {YETİŞİR, Halit and SARI, Nebahat} }
APA YETİŞİR, H , SARI, N . (2019). Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency. Derim , 36 (1) , 24-32 . DOI: 10.16882/derim.2019.443162
MLA YETİŞİR, H , SARI, N . "Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency". Derim 36 (2019 ): 24-32 <http://www.derim.com.tr/en/issue/43347/443162>
Chicago YETİŞİR, H , SARI, N . "Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency". Derim 36 (2019 ): 24-32
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency AU - Halit YETİŞİR , Nebahat SARI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.16882/derim.2019.443162 DO - 10.16882/derim.2019.443162 T2 - Derim JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 24 EP - 32 VL - 36 IS - 1 SN - 1300-3496-2149-2182 M3 - doi: 10.16882/derim.2019.443162 UR - https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2019.443162 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Derim Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency %A Halit YETİŞİR , Nebahat SARI %T Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency %D 2019 %J Derim %P 1300-3496-2149-2182 %V 36 %N 1 %R doi: 10.16882/derim.2019.443162 %U 10.16882/derim.2019.443162
ISNAD YETİŞİR, Halit , SARI, Nebahat . "Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency". Derim 36 / 1 (May 2019): 24-32 . https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2019.443162
AMA YETİŞİR H , SARI N . Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency. DERİM. 2019; 36(1): 24-32.
Vancouver YETİŞİR H , SARI N . Effects of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) rootstocks on plant nutrient content of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mats. & Nak.] leaf and nitrogen use efficiency. Derim. 2019; 36(1): 32-24.