Year 2014, Volume 31 , Issue 1, Pages 17 - 24 2014-07-02

Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil
Kudret narı (Momordica charantia L.) tohumunun bazı fiziksel ve kimyasal özellikleri ile tohum yağının yağ asitleri bileşimi

Muharrem GÖLÜKÇÜ [1] , Ramazan TOKER [2] , Fırat AYAS [3] , Nurtaç ÇINAR [4]


Edible part and leaves of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) are used as food or medicine to control some diseases because of its antioxidant, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-hepatotoxic, antiviral, antiulcerogenic and larvicidal effects. Although fruits have considerable amount of seeds, they have not received much attention. In this study, some physical and chemical properties of the seed and also fatty acid composition of seed oil were determined. Oil content of the sample was determined by soxhlet apparatus as 26.10% in dried sample. Fatty acid composition was analyzed by GC-MS and seven fatty acids were identified and their ratios were determined in this seed oil. The main fatty acid was determined as α-eleostearic (45.60%). The other fatty acids were palmitic (3.69%), stearic (28.00%), oleic (12.45%), linoleic (8.90%), arachidic (0.71%) and gadoleic acids (0.65%).
Kudret narının meyvesi ve yaprakları antioksidan, antibakteriyel, anti-kanser, anti-hepatotoksik, antiviral, antiülserojenik ve larvisid etkileri dolayısıyla bazı hastalıkların kontrolü için gıda veya ilaç olarak kullanılabilmektedir. Kudret narı önemli oranda çekirdek içermesine rağmen genel olarak değerlendirilmemektedir. Bu çalışmada, kudret narı tohumunun bazı fiziksel ve kimyasal özelliklerinin yanında tohum yağının yağ asidi bileşimi belirlenmiştir. Kudret narı tohumunun yağ içeriği soxhelet cihazı ile tespit edilmiş olup, kurumadde üzerinden %26.10 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Elde edilen tohum yağının yağ asidi bileşimi GC-MS ile analiz edilmiş ve örnekte yedi farklı yağ asidi bulunduğu saptanmıştır. Örnekte en fazla bulunan yağ asidi α-eleostearik asit (%45.60) olarak tespit edilmiştir. Örnekte bulunan diğer yağ asitleri palmitik (%3.69), stearik (%28.00), oleik (%12.45), linoleik (%8.90), araşidik (%0.71) ve gadoleik (%0.65) asit olmuştur.
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Muharrem GÖLÜKÇÜ

Author: Ramazan TOKER

Author: Fırat AYAS

Author: Nurtaç ÇINAR

Dates

Publication Date : July 2, 2014

Bibtex @ { derim62666, journal = {Derim}, issn = {1300-3496}, eissn = {2149-2182}, address = {}, publisher = {Batı Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute}, year = {2014}, volume = {31}, pages = {17 - 24}, doi = {10.16882/derim.2014.64310}, title = {Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil}, key = {cite}, author = {GÖLÜKÇÜ, Muharrem and TOKER, Ramazan and AYAS, Fırat and ÇINAR, Nurtaç} }
APA GÖLÜKÇÜ, M , TOKER, R , AYAS, F , ÇINAR, N . (2014). Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil. Derim , 31 (1) , 17-24 . DOI: 10.16882/derim.2014.64310
MLA GÖLÜKÇÜ, M , TOKER, R , AYAS, F , ÇINAR, N . "Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil". Derim 31 (2014 ): 17-24 <http://www.derim.com.tr/en/issue/4576/62666>
Chicago GÖLÜKÇÜ, M , TOKER, R , AYAS, F , ÇINAR, N . "Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil". Derim 31 (2014 ): 17-24
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil AU - Muharrem GÖLÜKÇÜ , Ramazan TOKER , Fırat AYAS , Nurtaç ÇINAR Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.16882/derim.2014.64310 DO - 10.16882/derim.2014.64310 T2 - Derim JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 17 EP - 24 VL - 31 IS - 1 SN - 1300-3496-2149-2182 M3 - doi: 10.16882/derim.2014.64310 UR - https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2014.64310 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Derim Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil %A Muharrem GÖLÜKÇÜ , Ramazan TOKER , Fırat AYAS , Nurtaç ÇINAR %T Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil %D 2014 %J Derim %P 1300-3496-2149-2182 %V 31 %N 1 %R doi: 10.16882/derim.2014.64310 %U 10.16882/derim.2014.64310
ISNAD GÖLÜKÇÜ, Muharrem , TOKER, Ramazan , AYAS, Fırat , ÇINAR, Nurtaç . "Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil". Derim 31 / 1 (July 2014): 17-24 . https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2014.64310
AMA GÖLÜKÇÜ M , TOKER R , AYAS F , ÇINAR N . Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil. DERİM. 2014; 31(1): 17-24.
Vancouver GÖLÜKÇÜ M , TOKER R , AYAS F , ÇINAR N . Some physical and chemical properties of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) seed and fatty acid composition of seed oil. Derim. 2014; 31(1): 24-17.