Research Article
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Determination of some quality characteristics of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS)

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 1, 37 - 42, 01.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2017.305312

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine protein, oil and moisture contents of peanut using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS). Foss NIRSystem XDS rapid content analyzer was used to determine XDS spectra of the samples which were taken from breeding lines and commercial cultivars. Reference values used to obtain calibration equations in NIRS were obtained by analyzing protein, oil and moisture contents of the samples. Protein, oil and moisture contents of the samples were analyzed by kjeldahl, soxhlet extraction and oven methods, respectively. Protein contents of peanuts were found to range between 19.90 and 30.1% whereas oil contents were found as 44.03-53.70%. Moisture contents of peanuts varied between 5.03 and 6.16%. Coefficient of determination (RSQ=R2) values between the results of classical analytical methods and NIRS were 0.925, 0.857 and 0.821 for protein, oil and moisture contents, respectively. The results of this study showed that NIRS can be used quick and accurate method to determine important quality characteristics of peanut.

References

  • AOAC (1990). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis, (15th ed.), Washington, DC.
  • Arıoğlu, H. (1999). Yağ Bitkileri Yetiştirme ve Islahı. Ç.Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Yayın No: 220, 175 s., Adana.
  • Bansod, B., Thakur, R., & Holser, R. (2015). Analysis of peanut seed oil by NIR. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 6: 917-922.
  • Başlar, M. (2008). Ekmeklik buğday unlarının bazı kalite özelliklerinin yakın kızılötesi spektroskopi (NIRS) kullanılarak belirlenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Atatürk Üniversitesi, Erzurum.
  • Blanco, M., & Villarroya, I. (2002). NIR spectroscopy: a rapid-response analytical tool. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 21(4):240-250.
  • Cen, H., & He, Y. (2007). Theory and application of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy in determination of food quality. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 18(2):72-83.
  • Chamberlin, K.D., Barkley, N.A., Tillman, B.L, Dillwith, J.D., Madden, R., Payton, M.E., & Bennett, R.S. (2014). A comparison of methods used to determine the oleic/linoleic acid ratio in cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Agricultural Sciences, 5(3):227-237.
  • Daun, J.K., Clear,K.M., & Williams, P. (1994). Comparison of three whole seed near infrared analyzers for measuring quality components of canola seed. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 71:1063-1068.
  • Davies, A.M.C., & Granth, A. (1987). Near-infrared analyses of foods. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 22:191-207.
  • Kavera, H.L.N. & Hanchinal, R.R. (2014). Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) for large scale screening of fatty acid profile in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Legume Research, 37(3):272-280.
  • Norris, K.H. (1964). Reports on design and development of a new moisture meter. Agricultural Engineering, 45(7):370-372.
  • Oh, K.W., Choung, M.G., Pae, S.B., Jung, C.S., Kim, B.J., Kwon, Y.C., Kim, J.T., & Kwack, Y.H. (2000). Determination of seed lipid and protein contents in perilla and peanut by Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Korean Journal of Crop Science, 45(5):339-342.
  • Pe’rez-Vich, B., Velasco, L., & Ferna’ndez-Marti’nez, J.M. (1998). Determination of seed oil content and fatty acid composition in sunflower through the analysis of intact seeds, husked seeds, meal and oil by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 75:547-555.
  • Postweiler, K., Stösser, R., & Anvari, S.F. (1985). The effect of different temperatures on the viability of ovules in cherries. Scientia Horticulturae, 25(3):235-239.
  • Sanzol, J., & Herrero, M. (2001). The effective pollination period in fruit trees. Scientia Horticulturae, 90(1-2):1-17. Stösser, R., & Anvari, S.F. (1990). On the longevity of ovules in relation to fruit set in stone fruit. Erwerbsobstbau, 32(5):134-137.
  • Sundaram, J., Kandala, C.V., Butts, C.L., & Windham, W.R. (2010b). Application of NIR reflectance spectroscopy for the determination of moisture content of in-shell peanuts: A nondestructive method. Transaction of ASABE, 53(1):183-189.
  • Sundaram, J., Kandala, C.V., Govindarajan, K.N., & Subbiah, J. (2012). Sensing of moisture content of in-shell peanuts by NIR reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Sensor Technology, 2:1-7.
  • Sundaram, J., Kandala, C.V., Holser, R.A., Butts, C.L., & Windham, W. R. (2010a). Determination of in-shell peanut oil and fatty acid composition using Near- Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 87:1103-1114.
  • TÜİK (2016). Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu. http://www.tuik.gov.tr Erişim tarihi: 18 Temmuz 2016.
  • Velasco, L., & Becker, H.C. (1998). Estimating the fatty acid composition of the oil in intact seed rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Euphytica, 101: 221-230.
  • Wang, C.T., Wang, X.Z., Tang, Y.Y., Wu, Q., Xu, J.Z., Hu, D.Q., & Qu, B. (2014). Predicting main fatty acids, oil and protein content in intact single seeds of groundnut by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Advanced Materials Research, 860-863: 490-496.
  • Williams, P.C., & Norris, K.H. (1987). Near-infrared technology in the agricultural and food industries, American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc.,St. Paul, MN.
  • Windham, W.R., Kandala, C.V., Sundaram, J., & Russell, N.C. (2010). Determination of peanut pod maturity by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Transaction of ASABE, 53 (2): 491-495preharvest and harvest losses in ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherry cultivar. Acta Horticulturae, 877:261-268.

Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi

Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 1, 37 - 42, 01.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2017.305312

Abstract

Bu araştırma yerfıstığında yağ, protein ve nem oranının Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi amacıyla yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada yerfıstıklarından spektrumların alınmasında Foss NIRSystem XDS Rapid Content Analyzer near-infrared cihazı kullanılmıştır. Materyal olarak ıslah çalışmalarında kullanılan yağlık ve çerezlik yerfıstığı hatları ile ticari çeşitleri kullanılmıştır. NIRS’da kalibrasyon eşitliği üretmek için yerfıstığı numunelerinin referans protein değerleri kjeldahl protein tayin metodu ile, referans yağ değerleri soxhlet yağ tayin metodu ile, referans nem değerleri de etüv nem tayin metodu ile belirlenmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, yerfıstığı numunelerinde referans analiz yöntemleri ile belirlenen protein oranları %19.90-30.10 arasında, yağ oranları %44.03-53.70 arasında, nem oranları ise %5.03-6.16 arasında değişim göstermiştir. Referans analiz yöntemleri ile NIRS okumaları arasında elde edilen kalibrasyon belirleme katsayısı (RSQ=R2) protein oranında 0.925, yağ oranında 0.857, nem oranında ise 0.821 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular, NIRS yönteminin yerfıstığında bazı kalite parametrelerinin belirlenmesinde hızlı ve etkili bir yöntem olabileceğini göstermiştir.

References

  • AOAC (1990). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis, (15th ed.), Washington, DC.
  • Arıoğlu, H. (1999). Yağ Bitkileri Yetiştirme ve Islahı. Ç.Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Yayın No: 220, 175 s., Adana.
  • Bansod, B., Thakur, R., & Holser, R. (2015). Analysis of peanut seed oil by NIR. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 6: 917-922.
  • Başlar, M. (2008). Ekmeklik buğday unlarının bazı kalite özelliklerinin yakın kızılötesi spektroskopi (NIRS) kullanılarak belirlenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Atatürk Üniversitesi, Erzurum.
  • Blanco, M., & Villarroya, I. (2002). NIR spectroscopy: a rapid-response analytical tool. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 21(4):240-250.
  • Cen, H., & He, Y. (2007). Theory and application of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy in determination of food quality. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 18(2):72-83.
  • Chamberlin, K.D., Barkley, N.A., Tillman, B.L, Dillwith, J.D., Madden, R., Payton, M.E., & Bennett, R.S. (2014). A comparison of methods used to determine the oleic/linoleic acid ratio in cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Agricultural Sciences, 5(3):227-237.
  • Daun, J.K., Clear,K.M., & Williams, P. (1994). Comparison of three whole seed near infrared analyzers for measuring quality components of canola seed. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 71:1063-1068.
  • Davies, A.M.C., & Granth, A. (1987). Near-infrared analyses of foods. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 22:191-207.
  • Kavera, H.L.N. & Hanchinal, R.R. (2014). Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) for large scale screening of fatty acid profile in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Legume Research, 37(3):272-280.
  • Norris, K.H. (1964). Reports on design and development of a new moisture meter. Agricultural Engineering, 45(7):370-372.
  • Oh, K.W., Choung, M.G., Pae, S.B., Jung, C.S., Kim, B.J., Kwon, Y.C., Kim, J.T., & Kwack, Y.H. (2000). Determination of seed lipid and protein contents in perilla and peanut by Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Korean Journal of Crop Science, 45(5):339-342.
  • Pe’rez-Vich, B., Velasco, L., & Ferna’ndez-Marti’nez, J.M. (1998). Determination of seed oil content and fatty acid composition in sunflower through the analysis of intact seeds, husked seeds, meal and oil by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 75:547-555.
  • Postweiler, K., Stösser, R., & Anvari, S.F. (1985). The effect of different temperatures on the viability of ovules in cherries. Scientia Horticulturae, 25(3):235-239.
  • Sanzol, J., & Herrero, M. (2001). The effective pollination period in fruit trees. Scientia Horticulturae, 90(1-2):1-17. Stösser, R., & Anvari, S.F. (1990). On the longevity of ovules in relation to fruit set in stone fruit. Erwerbsobstbau, 32(5):134-137.
  • Sundaram, J., Kandala, C.V., Butts, C.L., & Windham, W.R. (2010b). Application of NIR reflectance spectroscopy for the determination of moisture content of in-shell peanuts: A nondestructive method. Transaction of ASABE, 53(1):183-189.
  • Sundaram, J., Kandala, C.V., Govindarajan, K.N., & Subbiah, J. (2012). Sensing of moisture content of in-shell peanuts by NIR reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Sensor Technology, 2:1-7.
  • Sundaram, J., Kandala, C.V., Holser, R.A., Butts, C.L., & Windham, W. R. (2010a). Determination of in-shell peanut oil and fatty acid composition using Near- Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 87:1103-1114.
  • TÜİK (2016). Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu. http://www.tuik.gov.tr Erişim tarihi: 18 Temmuz 2016.
  • Velasco, L., & Becker, H.C. (1998). Estimating the fatty acid composition of the oil in intact seed rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Euphytica, 101: 221-230.
  • Wang, C.T., Wang, X.Z., Tang, Y.Y., Wu, Q., Xu, J.Z., Hu, D.Q., & Qu, B. (2014). Predicting main fatty acids, oil and protein content in intact single seeds of groundnut by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Advanced Materials Research, 860-863: 490-496.
  • Williams, P.C., & Norris, K.H. (1987). Near-infrared technology in the agricultural and food industries, American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc.,St. Paul, MN.
  • Windham, W.R., Kandala, C.V., Sundaram, J., & Russell, N.C. (2010). Determination of peanut pod maturity by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Transaction of ASABE, 53 (2): 491-495preharvest and harvest losses in ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherry cultivar. Acta Horticulturae, 877:261-268.

Details

Subjects Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Murat Reis AKKAYA


Hatice YÜCEL This is me


Ahmet Doğan DUMAN


Mustafa DİDİN This is me


Emir Ayşe ÖZER


Osman KOLA
0000-0003-0000-248X

Publication Date June 1, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 34, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { derim305312, journal = {Derim}, issn = {1300-3496}, eissn = {2149-2182}, address = {}, publisher = {Batı Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute}, year = {2017}, volume = {34}, number = {1}, pages = {37 - 42}, doi = {10.16882/derim.2017.305312}, title = {Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Akkaya, Murat Reis and Yücel, Hatice and Duman, Ahmet Doğan and Didin, Mustafa and Özer, Emir Ayşe and Kola, Osman} }
APA Akkaya, M. R. , Yücel, H. , Duman, A. D. , Didin, M. , Özer, E. A. & Kola, O. (2017). Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi . Derim , 34 (1) , 37-42 . DOI: 10.16882/derim.2017.305312
MLA Akkaya, M. R. , Yücel, H. , Duman, A. D. , Didin, M. , Özer, E. A. , Kola, O. "Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi" . Derim 34 (2017 ): 37-42 <http://www.derim.com.tr/en/pub/issue/28617/305312>
Chicago Akkaya, M. R. , Yücel, H. , Duman, A. D. , Didin, M. , Özer, E. A. , Kola, O. "Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi". Derim 34 (2017 ): 37-42
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi AU - Murat Reis Akkaya , Hatice Yücel , Ahmet Doğan Duman , Mustafa Didin , Emir Ayşe Özer , Osman Kola Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.16882/derim.2017.305312 DO - 10.16882/derim.2017.305312 T2 - Derim JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 37 EP - 42 VL - 34 IS - 1 SN - 1300-3496-2149-2182 M3 - doi: 10.16882/derim.2017.305312 UR - https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2017.305312 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 Derim Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi %A Murat Reis Akkaya , Hatice Yücel , Ahmet Doğan Duman , Mustafa Didin , Emir Ayşe Özer , Osman Kola %T Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi %D 2017 %J Derim %P 1300-3496-2149-2182 %V 34 %N 1 %R doi: 10.16882/derim.2017.305312 %U 10.16882/derim.2017.305312
ISNAD Akkaya, Murat Reis , Yücel, Hatice , Duman, Ahmet Doğan , Didin, Mustafa , Özer, Emir Ayşe , Kola, Osman . "Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi". Derim 34 / 1 (June 2017): 37-42 . https://doi.org/10.16882/derim.2017.305312
AMA Akkaya M. R. , Yücel H. , Duman A. D. , Didin M. , Özer E. A. , Kola O. Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi. DERİM. 2017; 34(1): 37-42.
Vancouver Akkaya M. R. , Yücel H. , Duman A. D. , Didin M. , Özer E. A. , Kola O. Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi. Derim. 2017; 34(1): 37-42.
IEEE M. R. Akkaya , H. Yücel , A. D. Duman , M. Didin , E. A. Özer and O. Kola , "Yerfıstığı (Arachis hypogaea L.)’nda bazı kalite özelliklerinin Yakın Kızılötesi Spektroskopi (NIRS) ile belirlenmesi", Derim, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 37-42, Jun. 2017, doi:10.16882/derim.2017.305312

DERİM in

 

CAB INTERNATIONAL                                                                                                   CABI International ile ilgili görsel sonucu

FAO AGRIS                                                                                                                                   FAO AGRIS ile ilgili görsel sonucu

INDEX COPERNICUS                                                                                                       INDEX COPERNICUS ile ilgili görsel sonucu

OpenAIRE                                                                                                                                      OpenAIRE ile ilgili görsel sonucu

GOOGLE SCHOLAR                                                                                                           GOOGLE SCHOLAR ile ilgili görsel sonucu


FSTA                                                                                       16423

DRJI                                                                                      16424

                                                    

ISSN : 1300-3496

e-ISSN : 2149-2182

Creative Commons Lisansı
Derim Creative Commons Al 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.

------------------------------------------------------------------

DERİM

Batı Akdeniz Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü

Demircikara Mh. Paşa Kavakları Cad. No:11, P.K.35 Antalya

derim@derim.com.tr

www.derim.com.tr